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Prognosis and Prevention
The outlook for people with memory problems depends on the type and severity of the memory loss. People with amnesia or reversible forms of memory loss often are able to go about their day-to-day routines with little or no difficulty.People with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) may need help from friends or family members from time to time.
Patients with dementia and more severe cases of memory loss may require assisted living or long term care, especially if there are concerns about home safety, nutrition, medications, and wandering.
Studies suggest that taking the following steps may reduce the risk for developing memory problems:
Wear seat belts, helmets, and other safety restraints when appropriate to prevent head injuries.
Contact a medical professional immediately if you suspect stroke, brain aneurysm, or brain infection.
Do not smoke.
Do not abuse alcohol or drugs.
Get adequate sleep.
Eat a healthy diet that includes plenty of vegetables and foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids (e.g., salmon, tuna).
Follow physician recommendations for lowering cholesterol and blood pressure.
Do mind-challenging activities (e.g., crossword puzzles, language learning).
Maintain contact with friends and join groups that interest you. Social interaction can reduce stress and help alleviate depression.